Charita Kimbrough & Robi Schultz

1. Explanation: A criterion-based scoring guide that enables assessors to make reliable judgments about student work and enables students to self-assess. A rubric answers the question, What does understanding or proficiency for an identified achievement target look like? A typical rubric is based on a continuum of performance quality, built upon a scale of different possible score points to be assigned. Scores often range from 6 as the top score, down to I or 0 for the lowest score. A rubric identifies the key traits or dimensions to be examined and assessed (e.g.,."syntax" or "understanding of the scientific method"). It provides key features of performance for each level of scoring, using descriptors that signify the degree to which the criteria have been met, thus enabling a judge to assign an appropriate score.

Information below on Rublics: Scoring Guides taken from:

Rubrics: Scoring Guides

Rubrics are key tools for both teacher and students. Rubrics, combined with models, put everyone ‘on the same page’ regarding the quality or depth of understanding what was taught. Rubrics provide students with opportunities to self and peer assess. Rubrics are most effective when the students are involved in their design. Stage 2 Rubrics have a fixed measurement scale. Rubrics have descriptions of the characteristics of score points. Rubrics describe the degree of quality, proficiency, or understanding along a continuum.

2 Types of Rubrics

Holistic: A holistic rubric provides an overall impression of a student’s work.

Analytic: An analytic-trait rubric divides a product or performance into distinct traits or dimensions and judges each separately.

Guidelines for Designing Your Own Rubric

Description of Terms for Differences in Degree

Note language is descriptive not evaluative.

Quality student self-assessment and peer assessment are contingent upon quality rubrics.

Develop rubrics for all complex assessments, based on criteria derived from the Standards.

See examples of rubrics below:

2. Rationale: A rubric provides a guide for evaluating all student work according to specific criteria for the purpose of "unbiased" evaulation, thus keeping evaluation standards reasonable and "fair" for all students. Additionally, a rubric is helpful in giving learns more immediate feedback on their work. The rubric is beneficial not only for the teacher, but also for the studentare who will know specifically how their work will be judged and the frame within which their work must be presented. Rubrics identify the specific criteria used for evaluations. They aid in improvement in the classroom by allowing the students to know in advance the standards by which their work will be evaluated. In knowing how your work will be evaluated, the quality of work should be much improved over work not based on rubric standards. Having these standards lowers students frustrations over the goal of the work assigned and how it will be evaluated. Conversely, teachers benefit by less wasted time as the students understand the specifics of the work assigned. Evaluations should be more efficient and more unbiased.

3. Example: The above example could be used in a social studies classroom as a tool to evaluate a "Timeline Project". With the use of this rubric, the students understand their project will be graded on the following criteria: quality of content, quantity of facts, accuracy of content, sequence of content, dates, sentence fluency, and mechanics. Each category is broken down into a four point system with four points being the target goal down to one point for unacceptable work. The breakdown of each category clearly defines the expectations of quality and quantity of the work needed to earn points based on the four to one scale. Students know exactly what the expectations are for the project and can use the rubric as a guide to structure their project for success.

4. Student Impact: It allows the students to know the expectations for the assigned project or tasks and allows student to self-assess their work. Knowing the standards, lowers the students' risk and thereby motivates students to produce higher quality work and are more likely to turn work in to the teacher. Rubrics also provide students with a guided stucture which their work should follow, much like a road map. Rubrics based on clearly defined content goals will ensure student assignments are aligned with core content thus allowing students to be successful learners in the content.

5. What other teachers might find difficult about implementing this strategy:

1. Barrier: If the teacher does not have clearly defined end goals, it will be difficult at best for the teacher to develop criterion for evaluation of student work.

Strategy: The teacher must identify and develop clearly defined end goals for the unit, assignment or project in advance.

2. Barrier: Teacher's may have difficulty developing rubrics in student friendly language.

Strategy: In the case of pre- and/or low- language learner pictures, audio files and videosmay be used within the rubric to guarantee student understanding.

6. What we might like or dislike about implementing this strategy: Based on our experience rubrics make evaluation of student work, projects or tasks easier because the criterion for evaluation is clearly defined. It has also been our experience that students have a great understanding of what is expected of their work and how their work will be evaluated. With less confusion on the part of the student, they are able to focus on producing work of higher quality. A disadvantage of using rubrics is the time required for developing the specific criteria and break down of the criteria within the rubric. It is also important to remember that if your end goals for the assignment, project or assessment are not clearly defined, it is difficult to produce a rubric of quality.


Good article generally reviewing UBD rubrics:

Template to help with all parts of UBD, including rubric:

Great wiki site for rubric info:

UBD rubric template(from above site):

UBD checklist and notes for completing template (from above site):

Rubric for the 6 facets of understanding:

UBD rubric ppt:

UBD ppt with excellent section on rubrics:

7. Examples from other teachers in the class